6000 - Support Services

6140 Student Wellness

6140 STUDENT WELLNESS

6140 Student Wellness

 

The Board recognizes that it is important for students to maintain their physical health and receive proper nutrition in order to take advantage of educational opportunities.  The board further recognizes that student wellness and proper nutrition are related to a student’s physical well-being, growth, development and readiness to learn.  The board is committed to providing a school environment that promotes student wellness, proper nutrition, nutrition education and regular physical activity as part of the total learning experience.

A.                 School Health Advisory Council

The Board will appoint a School Health Advisory Council to help plan, implement and monitor this policy as well as other health and nutrition issues within the school system.  The council will serve as an advisory committee regarding student health issues.  The council may examine related research and laws, assess student needs and the current school environment, review existing board policies and administrative regulations, collaborate with appropriate community agencies and organizations, and help raise awareness about student health issues.  The council also will assist in developing the student wellness policy and may make other policy recommendations to the board related to student wellness.

The council will be composed of representatives from the school system, the local health department and the community.  The council must include members of each of the following groups:  the school board, school system administrators, school physical education teachers, school health education teachers, school system food service representatives, students, parents or guardians and the public.  The council will provide information to the board about the following areas or concerns:  safe environment, physical education, health education, staff wellness, health services, mental and social health, nutrition services and parent/family involvement. 

The council shall provide periodic reports to the board regarding the status of its work.  In addition, the council shall assist the superintendent in creating an annual report that includes the minutes of physical activity and the minutes of physical education and/or healthful living education received by students in the system each school year, as well as any other information required by the State Board of Education. Information and updates from the council will be published on the district website.

B.                 Nutrition Education

 The Board believes that promoting student health and nutrition enhances readiness for learning and increases student achievement.  The specific goals of nutrition education are (1) to provide appropriate instruction for the acquisition of behaviors that contribute to a healthy lifestyle for students and (2) to teach, encourage and support healthy eating by students. 

The Board will provide nutrition education within the Healthful Living Standard Course of Study and Grade Level Competencies adopted by the State Board of Education.  Nutrition education should be designed to be interactive and to provide all students with the knowledge and skills needed to lead healthy lives.  Students should learn to address nutrition-related health concerns through age-appropriate nutrition education lessons and activities. Nutrition education shall be integrated into other areas of the curriculum such as math, science, language arts and social studies. 

Nutrition education should extend beyond the school environment by engaging and involving families and communities.  School system personnel may coordinate with agencies and community organizations to provide opportunities for appropriate student projects related to nutrition.  School system personnel are to work to disseminate consistent nutrition messages throughout the school system, schools, classrooms, cafeterias, homes, community and media.  These efforts shall include, but are not limited to, display of posters and distribution of flyers with health awareness events, such as National 5 A Day Month, National Diabetes Month and School Breakfast Week.  Nutrition information regarding products served in the cafeteria will be made available.

C.                 Nutrition Guidelines

Consistent with policy 6200, Goals of Student Food Services, all foods available in the system’s schools during the school day that are offered to students should help promote student health, reduce childhood obesity, provide a variety of nutritional meals and promote lifelong healthy eating habits.

Foods provided through the National School Lunch or School Breakfast Programs must comply with federal nutrition standards.  In addition, food selections must also be consistent with the state nutrition standards established by the State Board of Education and with policy 6230, Nutritional Standards for Food Selection.

Competitive foods must meet State Board of Education nutrition standards, The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, as well as nutrition standards established by the superintendent pursuant to policy 6230. Competitive foods are defined as foods offered at school other than through the National School Lunch or School Breakfast Programs, including food, snacks and beverages from a la carte menus, vending machines and outside suppliers.  In addition, all vending machine sales must comply with the requirements of G.S. 115C-264.2 and Eat Smart:  North Carolina’s Recommended Standards for All Foods in Schools. LEA personnel will be responsible for purchasing all items sold to students outside the school nutrition program and will be responsible for determining whether the products sold in school-owned vending machines, school stores, and other venues anywhere on the school campus comply with the Smart Snacks nutrition standards. LEA personnel will be responsible and accountable for obtaining and maintaining documentation for all purchases for each school within the LEA. Consistent with SBE policy, foods and beverages may not be sold in competition with the school nutrition program from 12:01AM until after the cafeteria closes for the day.

D.                Healthful Living Education and Physical Activity

 The goals of the healthful living education program are to promote lifelong physical activity/fitness and to provide instruction in the skills and knowledge necessary for lifelong participation in physical activity.  To address issues such as obesity, cardiovascular disease and Type II diabetes, students enrolled in kindergarten through eighth grade must have the opportunity to participate in physical activity as part of the system’s physical education curriculum.  The physical education course should be designed to foster support and guidance for being physically active, help students know and understand the value of being physically fit, and teach students the types of activities that contribute to total fitness.  The course is to be taught in a physical and social environment that encourages safe and enjoyable activities for all students.  The course should include the instruction of individual activities as well as competitive and non-competitive team sports.  Students shall learn, practice and receive assessment on age-appropriate skills as defined in the North Carolina Healthful Living Standard Course of Student Essential Standards.  Adequate equipment should be available for all students to participate in physical education.  Physical education activities on school grounds must be safe.

Physical activity should be integrated across curricula and throughout the school day.  School personnel should strive to provide opportunities for age- and developmentally-appropriate physical activity during the day for all students so that students can learn how to maintain a physically active lifestyle.  Time allotted for physical activity should be consistent with state and local standards.  Schools must provide a minimum of 150 minutes per week of moderate to vigorous physical activity for elementary school students and 225 minutes per week for middle school students.  Such activity may be achieved through a regular physical education class, recess, dance, classroom energizers and/or other curriculum-based physical activity programs.  Principals shall work with teachers to ensure that students meet the minimum physical activity requirement.

To ensure that students have on going opportunities for physical activity and maintain a positive attitude towards physical activity, structured/unstructured recess and other physical activity may not be taken away from students as a form of punishment.  In addition, severe and inappropriate exercise may not be used as a form of punishment for students.

E.                Smart Snacks in School Guidelines

The USDA has published practical, science-based nutrition standards for snack foods and beverages sold to children at school during the school day. The standards, required by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, allow schools and school districts to offer healthier snack foods to children, while limiting junk food.

Nutrition Standards for Foods

Any food sold in schools must:

  • Be a “whole grain-rich” grain product; or
  • Have as the first ingredient a fruit, vegetable, a dairy product, or a protein food; or
  • Be a combination food that contains at least ¼ cup of fruit and/or vegetable; or
  • Contain 10% of the Daily Value (DV) of one of the nutrients of public health concern in the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (calcium, potassium, vitamin D, or dietary fiber) This qualification will be eliminated on July 1, 2016.

Foods must also meet several nutrient requirements:

  • Calorie limits- Snack items less than or equal to 200 calories; entrée items less than or equal to 350 calories
  • Sodium limits- Snack items less than or equal to 230 mg (will change to 200 mg on July 1, 2016); entrée items less than or equal to 480 mg
  • Fat limits- Total fat less than or equal to 35% of calories, saturated fat less than 10% of calories, trans fat= 0 grams
  • Sugar limits- Less than or equal to 35% of weight from total sugars in foods

Nutrition Standards for Beverages

All schools may sell:

  • Plain water (with or without carbonation)
  • Unflavored low fat milk
  • Unflavored or flavored fat free milk or milk alternatives permitted by NSLP/SBP
  • 100% fruit or vegetable juice and
  • 100% fruit or vegetable juice diluted with water (with or without carbonation), and no added sweeteners

Elementary schools may sell up to 8-ounce portions, while middle schools and high schools may sell up to 12-ounce portions of milk and juice. There is no portion size for plain water.

Beyond this, the standards allow additional “no calorie” and “lower calorie” beverage options for high school students.

  • No more than 20-ounce portions of
  • Calorie-free, flavored water (with or without carbonation); and
  • Other flavored and/or carbonated beverages that are labeled to contain less than 5 calories per 8 fluid ounces or less than or equal to 10 calories per 20 fluid ounces.
  • No more than 12-ounce portions of
  • Beverages with less than or equal to 40 calories per 8 fluid ounces, or less than or equal to 60 calories per 12 fluid ounces.

Other Requirements

Fundraisers

  • The sale of food items that meet nutrition requirements at fundraisers are not limited in any way under the standards.
  • The standards do not apply during non-school hours, on weekends and at off-campus fundraising events.
  • The standards provide a special exemption for infrequent fundraisers that do not meet the nutrition standards. State agencies may determine the frequency with which fundraising activities take place that allow the sale of food and beverage items that do not meet the nutrition standards.

 

Accompaniments

  • Accompaniments such as cream cheese, salad dressing, and butter must be included in the nutrient profile as part of the food item sold.
  • This helps control the amount of calories, fat, sugar, and sodium added to foods by accompaniments, which can be significant.

 

F.                 Other School-Based Activities to Promote Wellness

In addition to the standards discussed above, the board adopts the following goals for school-based activities designed to promote wellness:

1.                  Students will be encouraged to start each day with a healthy breakfast.

2.                  Schools will provide a clean and safe meal environment.

3.                  Lunch periods will be scheduled as near the middle of the school day as  possible.  Students will be provided adequate time to eat meals.

4.                  Drinking water will be available at all meal periods and throughout the school day.

                5.                  Professional development will be provided for school system nutrition staff.

                6.                  To the extent possible, the school system will utilize available funding and       outside programs to enhance student wellness.

                7.                  Food will not be used in the schools as a reward or punishment.

                8.                  As appropriate, the goals of this student wellness policy will be considered in planning all school-based activities.

                9.                  Administrators, teachers, food service personnel, students, parents or guardians, and community members will be encouraged to serve as positive role models to promote student                                        wellness.

G.                  Guidelines for Reimbursable Meal

The director for child nutrition shall ensure that school system guidelines for reimbursable meals are not less restrictive than regulations and guidelines issued for schools in accordance with federal law.

H.                Implementation and Review of Policy

The Superintendent or designee shall oversee the implementation of this policy and monitor system schools, programs and curricula to ensure compliance with this policy, related policies and established guidelines or administrative regulations.  Each principal shall report to the superintendent or designee regarding compliance in his or her school.  Staff members responsible for programs related to student wellness also shall report to the superintendent or designee regarding the status of such programs.  The Superintendent shall report annually to the board on the system’s compliance with laws and policies related to student wellness.  The report may include the following items:

1.                  an assessment of the school environment regarding student wellness issues;

2.                  an evaluation of food services programs;

3.                  a review of all foods and beverages sold in schools for compliance with established nutrition guidelines;

4.                  a list of all activities and programs conducted to promote nutrition and physical activity;

5.                  information provided in the report from the School Health Advisory Council, as described in section A, above; and

6.                  suggestions for improvement to policies or programs.

 

Legal References:

Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004, 42 U.S.C. 1751 note (Local Wellness Policy); National School Lunch Act, 42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.; G.S. 115C-264.2, -264.3; State Board of Education Policies GCS-S-000, TCS-S-002; Eat Smart: North Carolina’s Recommended Standards for All Foods in Schools, N.C. Department of Health and Human Services, N.C. Division of Public Health (2004); Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010

Cross References:

Goals of Student Health Services (policy 6100), Goals of Student Food Services (policy 6200), Nutritional Standards for Food Selection (policy 6230)

Adopted:

February 13, 2012

Last Updated:

March 12, 2012

Last Updated:

February 9, 2016

 

 

Legal References:

Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004, 42 U.S.C. 1751 note (Local Wellness Policy); National School Lunch Act, 42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.; G.S. 115C-264.2, -264.3; State Board of Education Policies GCS-S-000, TCS-S-002; Eat Smart: North Carolina’s Recommended Standards for All Foods in Schools, N.C. Department of Health and Human Services, N.C. Division of Public Health (2004)

Cross References:

Goals of Student Health Services (policy 6100), Goals of Student Food Services (policy 6200), Nutritional Standards for Food Selection (policy 6230)

Adopted:

February 13, 2012

Last Updated:

February 9, 2016

Legal References:
Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004, 42 U.S.C. 1751 note (Local Wellness Policy); National School Lunch Act, 42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.; G.S. 115C-264.2, -264.3; State Board of Education Policies GCS-S-000, TCS-S-002; Eat Smart: North Carolina’s Recommended Standards for All Foods in Schools, N.C. Department of Health and Human Services, N.C. Division of Public Health (2004)
Cross References:
Goals of Student Health Services (policy 6100), Goals of Student Food Services (policy 6200), Nutritional Standards for Food Selection (policy 6230)
Adopted:
Monday, 13 February 2012
Last Updated:
Tuesday, 09 February 2016